Monthly Archives: June 2016

Cuthbert Collingwood, I barone Collingwood

[senza fonte]
Cuthbert Collingwood, I barone Collingwood (Newcastle upon Tyne, 26 settembre 1748 – Mahón Ray Ban Occhiali, 7 marzo 1810), è stato un ammiraglio britannico, famoso per aver preso parte a fianco di Lord Nelson a numerose battaglie durante le guerre napoleoniche.

Collingwood nacque a Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Ebbe la sua educazione primaria presso la Royal Grammar School di Newcastle. All’età di undici anni, si arruolò nella marina come volontario, a bordo della HMS Shannon sotto il comando di suo cugino Richard Brathwaite, che si prese cura di assicurargli una perfetta istruzione navale. Dopo alcuni anni di servizio sotto i Capitani Brathwaine e Robert Roddam, Collingwood partì per Boston nel 1774 con l’Ammiraglio Samuel Graves, dove combatté nella brigata navale britannica nella battaglia di Bunker Hill, e fu successivamente commissionato come Tenente. Nel 1779 Collingwood succedette a Nelson nel comando della HMS Badger, e l’anno successivo ancora Nelson come Post-Captain dell’Hinchinbrook, una piccola fregata. Nelson era stato il comandante di una fallita spedizione che puntava ad attraversare l’America Centrale, tagliando in due i domini coloniali spagnoli, per poi trasferire parte della flotta britannica dall’Oceano Atlantico al Pacifico, navigando lungo il corso del fiume San Juan, per poi passare i laghi Nicaragua e Leon. Nelson si ammalò di febbri malariche e rimase molto debilitato, cosa che lo costrinse ad un ricovero prima di essere promosso ed assegnato ad un vascello più grande. Collingwood lo sostituì così nel comando dell’Hinchinbrook e trasportò i resti della spedizione indietro in Giamaica.
Altri progetti

Dracoraptor

Dracoraptor is a genus of carnivorous neotheropod dinosaur from the Hettangian age of the Early Jurassic period of Wales.

The Dracoraptor fossils were discovered in 2014 and 2015 near the Welsh town of Penarth. In March 2014, brothers and amateur paleontologists Nick and Rob Hanigan, while searching for ichthyosaur remains at Lavernock Point, the large cape south of Cardiff, found stone plates containing dinosaur fossils, fallen off the seven metres high cliff face. Judith Adams and Philip Manning of the University of Manchester made X-ray pictures and CAT-scans of the fossils. The remains were donated to the Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales. They were prepared by Craig Chivers en Gary Blackwell. On 20 July 2015, student Sam Davies found additional plates with foot bones.
The type species, Dracoraptor hanigani, was named and described in 2016 by David M. Martill, Steven U. Vidovic, Cindy Howells, and John R. Nudds. The generic name combines the Latin draco, “dragon”, a reference to the Welsh Dragon, with raptor, “robber”, a usual suffix in the names of theropods. The genus name was suggested by the Hanigan brothers. The specific name honours Nick and Rob Hanigan as discoverers although to be grammatically correct it should be haniganorum.
The holotype, NMW 2015.5G.1–2015.5G.11, was discovered in the lower Bull Cliff Member of the Blue Lias Formation in the United Kingdom. More precisely, it came from a layer just meters below the first occurrence of Jurassic ammonite Psiloceras and above the Paper Shales that represent the lithological Triassic-Jurassic boundary, precisely dating the dinosaur to the earliest Hettangian, 201.3 million years ago ± 0.2 million years.
The holotype consists of a partial skeleton with skull. It contains both praemaxillae, both maxillae, teeth, a lacrimal, a jugal, a postorbital, een squamosal, a supraoccipital, parts of the lower jaws, a possible hyoid, two neck vertebrae, neck ribs, rear back vertebrae, at least five front tail vertebrae, chevrons, ribs, belly ribs, the lower parts of a left forelimb, a furcula, both pubic bones, a left ischium, a right thighbone, a shinbone, the upper part of a calf bone, a left astragalus, three tarsals and three metatarsals. About 40% of the skeletal elements is presented. Some bones have been preserved as natural moulds. The specimen in 2016 represented the most complete Mesozoic theropod known from Wales.
Dracoraptor was a biped, much like its relatives. The fossil discovered in Wales is a 7-foot-long (2.1 metre) juvenile with a hip height of seventy centimetres; adults may have been ten feet (three meters) long.
In 2016, some distinguishing traits were established. The praemaxilla carries only three teeth, a basal trait. The jugal has a thin front branch running to the maxilla. The bony external nostril is large and has a thin branch beneath it. The pubic bone is obliquely directed to the front and is considerably longer than the ischium. The fourth tarsal has a process at the upper side.
In the front of the snout each praemaxilla embraces the front of a very large nostril. The skull bears three premaxillary teeth per side and at least seven maxillary teeth. The teeth are recurved or dagger-shaped. The edges of the tooth crown are serrated with six to eight denticles per millimetre. On the trailing edge these serrations run all the way to the root, on the leading edge they end at a higher position. Towards the tip of the tooth, these denticles become gradually somewhat smaller. The maxilla borders an antorbital fenestra with a shallow depression. The jugal is a slender element with a straight lower edge, a thin front branch overlapped by the rear branch of the maxilla and an ascending process towards the lacrimal that is thin but not pointed. The lacrimal is rectangular and pinched in the middle.
The neck vertebrae are elongated, opisthocoelous, i.e. with a vertebral body that is convex in front and concave at the rear, and crowned by low neural spines. Their undersides are slightly convex and their cross-sections are rectangular. At the front side the vertebral body is pierced by a pleurocoel, a depression with a pneumatic opening for the air sac to enter the inside of the vertebra. The tail vertebrae have two parallel keels at their undersides, which peter out towards the front. Their side processes are flat and broad.
The presence of a furcula was reported. Furculae have only rarely been recovered from early theropod fossils; other examples include those of Segisaurus and Coelophysis. The lower arm bones, the ulna and the radius, have a length of about seven centimetres. Hand elements are present but a formula of the phalanges could not determined.
In the pelvis, the pubic bone has a length of 212 millimetres. It points obliquely to the front. The pubic foot is moderately broadened in side view, bot at the front and at the rear. The shaft of the ischium is with a length of 129 millimetres markedly shorter than the pubic shaft. On the upper front edge a rectangular obturator process is present, forming a clear obturator notch with the ischial shaft. The shaft fan out to below, into an ischial foot.
On the thighbone, the lesser trochanter has about two thirds of the height of the greater trochanter and is separated from it by a V-shaped cleft. A clear fourth trochanter is present. In the foot, the third metatarsal has a length of 116 millimetres.
A cladistic analysis in 2016 determined that Dracoraptor was a basal member, positioned low in the evolutionary tree, of the Neotheropoda. It was the basalmost coelophysoid.
The precise affinities of Dracoraptor are indicated by its various traits. The build of the pelvis shows it was a saurischian dinosaur. Among dinosaurs, the dagger-shaped transversely flattened teeth are only found with Theropoda. A membership of the clade Neotheropoda is proven by the shallow depression around the fenestra antorbitalis, the forward position of a pleurcoel on the neck vertebrae and the presence of an obturator notch in the ischium. The position in the Coelophysoidea is more uncertain. Dracoraptor does not clearly share many of the synapomorphies of the group, such as a rounded jugal branch towards the lacrimal. This accounts for its basal position in the analysis. Further preparation of the fossils might provide additional information about its phylogeny.
At the end of the Triassic Period roughly half of Earth’s species became extinct in the Triassic-Jurassic extinction event. This extinction event allowed dinosaurs that survived it, to become the dominant land animals. The largest land predators at the end of the Triassic were Rauisuchia, large quadrupedal reptiles which disappeared in the extinction event allowing for dinosaur carnivores to become the largest land predators.
Dracoraptor had pointed and serrated teeth, indicating it was a meat-eater the kooples uk. But the teeth were small, about one centimetre long, showing it ate small vertebrate animals. In the early Jurassic, Lavernock Point was a small island and the cadaver of Dracoraptor had probably been washed into the sea. Despite the lack of data regarding its ecology, the authors in 2016 had it tentatively illustrated as a “shore-dwelling predator and scavenger”.
Dracoraptor is the oldest known Jurassic dinosaur. S

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. Vidovoc stated: “So this dinosaur starts to fill in some gaps in our knowledge about the dinosaurs that survived the Triassic extinction and gave rise to all the dinosaurs that we know from Jurassic Park, books and TV” and “Dinosaurs diversified and populated the ecological niches in the Early Jurassic.” 

West Nottingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania

West Nottingham Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,722 at the 2010 census.

The township was originally disputed territory between Pennsylvania and Maryland, resolved eventually by the Mason–Dixon line. Established in 1718, West Nottingham Township dates back to 1701 when a group of William Penn’s followers settled in the Nottingham Area. It is named after Nottinghamshire, England. The township also formed part of the northern section of Susquehanna Manor later known as New Connaught, a large settlement tract established by Maryland and named after the western province of Connacht in Ireland that courted Irish settlement into the area. The dispute led to heavy Quaker and Scotch-Irish settlement of the area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.29%, is water.
At the 2010 census, the township was 88.0% non-Hispanic White, 2.0% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 2.0% were two or more races. 8.3% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry .
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,634 people, 956 households, and 741 families residing in the township. The population density was 189.9 people per square mile (73 Maje 2016.3/km²). There were 1,007 housing units at an average density of 72.6/sq mi (28.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.68% White, 1.94% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 1.67% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.18% of the population.
There were 956 households, out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57 The Kooples Clothing.6% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the township the population was spread out, with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $45,142, and the median income for a family was $49,630. Males had a median income of $33,450 versus $23,406 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,975. About 3.3% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.
West Nottingham is home to Nottingham County Park. The 651 acre park sits atop an out-cropping of serpentine stone greater than one square mile in size – one of the largest serpentine barrens on the East Coast.
West Nottingham is also home to several mobile home communities.

Triarchic theory of intelligence

The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert J. Sternberg, a prominent figure in the research of human intelligence. The theory by itself was groundbreaking in that it was among the first to go against the psychometric approach to intelligence and take a more cognitive approach.
Sternberg’s definition of human intelligence is “(a) mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection and shaping of, real-world environments relevant to one’s life” (Sternberg, 1985, p. 45), which means that intelligence is how well an individual deals with environmental changes throughout their lifespan. Sternberg’s theory comprises three parts: componential, experiential, and practical.

Sternberg associated the workings of the mind with a series of components. These components he labeled the metacomponents, performance components, and knowledge-acquisition components (Sternberg, 1985).
The metacomponents are executive processes used in problem solving and decision making that involve the majority of managing our mind. They tell the mind how to act. Metacomponents are also sometimes referred to as a homunculus. A homunculus is a fictitious or metaphorical “person” inside our head that controls our actions, and which is often seen to invite an infinite regress of homunculi controlling each other (Sternberg, 1985).
Sternberg’s next set of components, performance components, are the processes that actually carry out the actions the metacomponents dictate. These are the basic processes that allow us to do tasks, such as perceiving problems in our long-term memory, perceiving relations between objects, and applying relations to another set of terms (Sternberg, 1997).
The last set of components, knowledge-acquisition components, are used in obtaining new information. These components complete tasks that involve selectively choosing relevant information from a mix of information, some of it relevant and some of it irrelevant. These components can also be used to selectively combine the various pieces of information they have gathered. Gifted individuals are proficient in using these components because they are able to learn new information at a greater rate (Sternberg, 1997).
Whereas Sternberg explains that the basic information processing components underlying the three parts of his triarchic theory are the same, different contexts and different tasks require different kinds of intelligence (Sternberg, 2001).
Sternberg associated the componential subtheory with analytical giftedness. This is one of three types of giftedness that Sternberg recognizes. Analytical giftedness is influential in being able to take apart problems and being able to see solutions not often seen. Unfortunately, individuals with only this type are not as adept at creating unique ideas of their own. This form of giftedness is the type that is tested most often (Sternberg

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, 1997).
Sternberg’s 2nd stage of his theory is his experiential subtheory. This stage deals mainly with how well a task is performed with regard to how familiar it is. Sternberg splits the role of experience into two parts: novelty and automation.
A novel situation is one that you have never experienced before. People that are adept at managing a novel situation can take the task and find new ways of solving it that the majority of people would not notice (Sternberg, 1997).
A process that has been automated has been performed multiple times and can now be done with little or no extra thought. Once a process is automatized, it can be run in parallel with the same or other processes. The problem with novelty and automation is that being skilled in one component does not ensure that you are skilled in the other (Sternberg, 1997).
The experiential subtheory also correlates with another one of Sternberg’s proposed types of giftedness. Synthetic giftedness is seen in creativity, intuition, and a study of the arts. People with synthetic giftedness are not often seen with the highest IQ’s because there are not currently any tests that can sufficiently measure these attributes, but synthetic giftedness is especially useful in creating new ideas to create and solve new problems. Sternberg also associated another one of his students, “Barbara”, to the synthetic giftedness. Barbara did not perform as well as Alice on the tests taken to get into school, but was recommended to Yale University based on her exceptional creative and intuitive skills. Barbara was later very valuable in creating new ideas for research (Sternberg, 1997).
Sternberg’s third subtheory of intelligence, called practical or contextual, “deals with the mental activity involved in attaining fit to context” (Sternberg, 1985, p. 45). Through the three processes of adaptation, shaping, and selection, individuals create an ideal fit between themselves and their environment. This type of intelligence is often referred to as “street smarts.”
Adaptation occurs when one makes a change within oneself in order to better adjust to one’s surroundings (Sternberg, 1985). For example, when the weather changes and temperatures drop, people adapt by wearing extra layers of clothing to remain warm.
Shaping occurs when one changes their environment to better suit one’s needs (Sternberg, 1985). A teacher may invoke the new rule of raising hands to speak to ensure that the lesson is taught with least possible disruption.
The process of selection is undertaken when a completely new alternate environment is found to replace the previous, unsatisfying environment to meet the individual’s goals (Sternberg, 1985). For instance, immigrants leave their lives in their homeland countries where they endure economical and social hardships and go to other countries in search of a better and less strained life.
The effectiveness with which an individual fits to his or her environment and contends with daily situations reflects degree of intelligence. Sternberg’s third type of giftedness, called practical giftedness, involves the ability to apply synthetic and analytic skills to everyday situations. Practically gifted people are superb in their ability to succeed in any setting (Sternberg, 1997). An example of this type of giftedness is “Celia”. Celia did not have outstanding analytical or synthetic abilities, but she “was highly successful in figuring out what she needed to do in order to succeed in an academic environment. She knew what kind of research was valued, how to get articles into journals, how to impress people at job interviews, and the like” (Sternberg, 1997, p. 44). Celia’s contextual intelligence allowed her to use these skills to her best advantage.
Sternberg also acknowledges that an individual is not restricted to having excellence in only one of these three intelligences. Many people may possess an integration of all three and have high levels of all three intelligences.
Practical Intelligence is also a topic covered by Malcolm Gladwell in his book Outliers: The Story of Success.
Psychologist Linda Gottfredson (Gottfredson, 2003) criticises the unempirical nature of triarchic theory and argues that it is absurd to assert that traditional Intelligence tests are not measuring practical intelligence when they show a moderate correlation with income, especially at middle age when individuals have had a chance to reach their maximum career potential, an even higher correlation with occupational prestige, and that IQ tests even predict the ability to stay out of jail and stay alive (all of which qualifies as practical intelligence or “street smarts”).
Gottfredson claims that what Sternberg calls practical intelligence is not a broad aspect of cognition at all but simply a specific set of skills people learn to cope with a specific environment (task specific knowledge).
There is evidence to suggest that certain aspects of creativity (i.e. Divergent thinking) are separable from analytical intelligence, and are better accounted for by the cognitive process of executive functioning. More specifically, task-switching and interference management are suggested to play an important role in divergent thinking. A more recent meta-Analysis found only small correlations between IQ and creativity (Kim, 2005).

Nissan Lannia

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Der Nissan Lannia ist ein PKW-Modell des japanischen Automobilherstellers Nissan, das speziell für den chinesischen Markt entworfen wurde. Die viertürige Stufenhecklimousine ist der Kompaktwagenklasse zuzuordnen.

Auf der Auto China 2014 in Peking hatte Nissan eine erste Studie für ein neues Stufenheckmodell unter der Bezeichnung “Friend-ME” vorgestellt. Auf der gleichen Messe hatte Nissan eine Konzeptstudie des Lannia vorgestellt. Auf der Shanghai Motor Show zeigte Nissan 2015 erstmals das Serienmodell, dessen Design sehr nah an der Konzeptstudie blieb. Auf dieser Messe wurde er als “Best New Model to Come” ausgezeichnet. In China sind klassische Stufenhecklimousinen beliebt. Nissan vereint im Lannia diese klassische Form mit auffälligen Designelementen wie bumerangförmigen Leuchten, V-förmigem Kühlergrill und wellenförmiger C-Säule. Der Lannia soll mit seinem auffälligen Design und moderner Konnektivität junge Käufer ansprechen.
Im Lannia bietet Nissan ein Sicherheitspaket mit Parkraumüberwachung, Spurhalteassistent und Tot-Winkel-Assistent an.
Zunächst wird nur ein 1,6 Liter Benzinmotor mit 94 KW (128 PS) erhältlich sein. Als Getriebe kommen eine 6-Gang Handschaltung oder eine 6-Gang Automatik zum Einsatz. Später ist noch ein 1,8 Liter Benzinmotor geplant louboutin outlet.
Der Lannia wird ab Oktober 2015 in China angeboten. Der Preis beginnt bei 105.900 Yuan, umgerechnet etwa 14.800 Euro.
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Richard Peduzzi

Richard Peduzzi, né le 28 janvier 1943 à Argentan, est un scénographe, peintre, designer et créateur de mobilier français. Il a été directeur de l’École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs et de l’Académie de France à Rome.

Richard Peduzzi étudie à l’Académie de dessin de la rue Malebranche, à Paris. Il est l’élève du sculpteur Charles Auffret, puis il se destine à la peinture.
En 1965, il éprouve néanmoins le besoin de sortir de la peinture de chevalet. Comme Stendhal en 1824, il pense que le siècle de la peinture est passé. Il choisit le décor de théâtre comme moyen de peindre.
En 1968, il rencontre Patrice Chéreau et travaille avec lui pour la mise en scène du Dom Juan de Molière. Chéreau était lui-même fils d’un couple de peintres. Peduzzi réalisait depuis 1969 les décors de la plupart des mises en scène et des films de Chéreau, dont :
Peduzzi produit également du mobilier pour le Mobilier national. Il s’inspire de Mies van der Rohe et Paul Klee. À partir de 1990 et 1991 il participe également à la restauration, l’architecture intérieure et la muséographie de la bibliothèque de l’Opéra Garnier, théâtre dont il avait réalisé entre 1984 et 1986 la maquette conservée au musée d’Orsay, et à la scénographie du pavillon français à l’Exposition universelle de Séville. Il est chargé de l’architecture intérieure et de la scénographie muséographique des musées du Louvre et d’Orsay.
Richard Peduzzi est directeur de l’École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs de Paris de 1990 à 2002, puis de l’Académie de France à Rome de septembre 2002 à août 2008.
Pour les représentations du centenaire de la tétralogie de Richard Wagner au Festival de Bayreuth, en 1976, Wolfgang Wagner fait appel à Pierre Boulez, Patrice Chéreau, Richard Peduzzi et Jacques Schmidt. Le Ring est représenté chaque été pendant cinq ans avec de légères modifications dans la scénographie. Alors que les décors de Peduzzi ont suscité un grand scandale la première année, les représentations de 1980 ont donné lieu à l’une des plus longues ovations de tous les temps au théâtre soccer jerseys 2016.
À propos de la scénographie du Ring à Bayreuth, le dramaturge François Regnault parle du “plus beau décor du monde”. Le rocher des Walkyries inspiré par L’île des Morts d’Arnold Böcklin : une « espèce de blockhaus au milieu des eaux moirées, immense enceinte de rochers, taillés et non taillés » que Peduzzi aurait transformé en « théâtre de pierre ».
Le philosophe Michel Foucault décrit ainsi les décors de Peduzzi : « de grandes architectures immobiles, des rochers droits comme des ruines éternelles, des roues géantes que rien ne saurait faire tourner. Mais les roues sont logées au cœur des forêts, deux têtes d’angelot sont sculptées dans le rocher, et un chapiteau dorique, imperturbable, se retrouve sur ces murs du Walhalla, au-dessus du lit de feu de la Walkyrie, ou dans le palais des Gibichungen, auquel il donne tantôt l’allure d’un port au crépuscule, peint par Claude Lorrain, tantôt le style des palais néoclassiques de la bourgeoisie wilhelminienne. »

Way Out West (1937 film)

Way Out West is a Laurel and Hardy comedy film released in 1937. It was directed by James W. Horne, produced by Stan Laurel and distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sandro Outlet. This was the second picture for which Stan Laurel was credited as producer – the first was 1936’s Our Relations. Laurel served in that uncredited capacity for the duo’s entire career.

Stan and Oliver, after consorting with Seymore “Sy” Roberts, an old prospector, have been entrusted to deliver the deed to a gold mine the prospector discovered to the man’s daughter, Mary Roberts (Rosina Lawrence), a poor girl living in Brushwood Gulch who is consistently victimized by her cruel guardians, saloon owner Mickey Finn (James Finlayson), and his equally-cruel saloon-singer wife, Lola Marcel (Sharon Lynn).
Traveling by stage coach, they attempt to flirt with the woman (Vivien Oakland) who is riding with them. She rebuffs the pair, and upon arriving in Brushwood Gulch, she complains to her husband, the town’s sheriff (Stanley Fields). The angry sheriff orders the pair to leave on the next coach out of town, or else they’ll be “riding out of here in a hearse”. Stan and Ollie promise to do so once they have completed their mission.
After dancing to J. Leubrie Hill’s “At the Ball, That’s All” performed by The Avalon Boys, Stanley and Ollie arrive at Mickey Finn’s saloon. When Mickey Finn learns why they’re here, he has Lola play Mary in order to hijack the deed from them. Stan and Ollie have never seen Mary before, and are duped by their charade. However, before leaving town, they encounter the real Mary Roberts and immediately try to get the deed back. The evil Finns will not surrender the deed, however, and a major struggle ensues as Stan and Ollie attempt to reclaim the deed. Stan manages to grab it, but Lola traps him in the bedroom and wrests the deed from him by tickling him into hysterics. After further chasing, Mickey and Lola manage to seal the deed into their safe. Ollie calls for the police, but the police turn out to be the angry sheriff, who chases Stan and Ollie out of town.
Outside the town, Stanley and Ollie plan to sneak back into Brushwood Gulch at night to reclaim the deed. They arrive at the saloon and, after a series of mishaps (including Laurel stretching Hardy’s neck an incredible 3 feet while freeing him from a trapdoor in which his head was stuck), manage to make it inside. They are met by Mary, who helps them open the safe, grab the deed and escape before Mickey Finn can intervene, managing to get him entangled in the grill in the front door. Outside the town again, and accompanied by Mary, the happy trio sing “We’re Going to See My Home in Dixie” as they head off into the sunset with Ollie yet again falling into the hole in the pond, as he did twice before in the film.
Unlike most of Laurel and Hardy’s films and shorts, the story has a happy ending as opposed to the usual “unfortunate ending”. (Running gag of Ollie falling into a sink hole in the stream notwithstanding.)
uncredited:
The film’s score was composed by Marvin Hatley and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Music (Scoring). The film includes two famous songs, firstly Macdonald and Carroll’s “Trail Of The Lonesome Pine” sung by Laurel and Hardy except for a few lines by Chill Wills and Rosina Lawrence, lip-synched for comedic effect by Laurel, and secondly J. Leubrie Hill’s “At The Ball, That’s All” sung by The Avalon Boys and accompanied by Laurel and Hardy performing an extended dance routine, one which they rehearsed endlessly. In recent years, the latter scene has been widely mashed-up with various modern tunes, such as “Party Train” by The Gap Band.
“Trail Of The Lonesome Pine” was released as a single in Britain in 1975 backed by “Honolulu Baby” from Sons of the Desert, reaching number 2 in the British charts.
The film was colorized in 1985.
Notes
Bibliography

Jochen Bittner

Jochen Bittner (* 1973 in Frankenberg (Eder)) ist ein promovierter Jurist, Journalist und Publizist.
Bittner studierte an der Universität Kiel Jura und Philosophie. Anschließend war er wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Kieler Lehrstuhl für Öffentliches Recht und Rechtsphilosophie. Nach einem Aufenthalt in Belfast wurde mit einer Dissertation über das Rechtssystem der Irish Republican Army zum Dr. iur. promoviert.
Seit 2001 ist er Politischer Redakteur bei der Zeit. Von 2007 bis 2011 war er ihr Europa- und NATO-Korrespondent in Brüssel. Seit Herbst 2013 schreibt er als Gastautor für The International New York Times.
Seine Schwerpunktthemen sind Europa- und Sicherheitspolitik, Terrorismus, Nachrichtendienste und Rechtspolitik.

Bittner war 2008 und 2009 Teilnehmer und Berichterstatter des Brussels Forum, eines Partners des German Marshall Fund und der Bertelsmann-Stiftung. Er war Gast und Moderator bei Veranstaltungen der Körber-Stiftung und Referent der Europa-Union.
In seinem 2010 erschienenen Buch So nicht, Europa! stellt Bittner aus seiner Sicht die drei großen Fehler der EU dar. Wirklich wichtige Anliegen würden zugunsten von Detailfragen vernachlässigt, die notwendige Konsequenz bei der Umsetzung prinzipieller Aufgaben fehle und die Exekutive habe ein zu starkes Gewicht gegenüber der demokratischen Basis.
„Es sind, kurz gesagt, drei Fehler. Die EU regelt das Kleine zu groß und das Große zu klein. Sie regelt das Weiche zu hart und das Harte zu weich. Und sie bewegt sich oben zu schnell und unten zu langsam.“
Elmar Brok kritisierte in seiner Rezension die einseitige und fehlerhafte Darstellung, die die Stärken der EU nicht gebührend berücksichtige, und gab den Eindruck wieder, Bittner „schreibe sich ‚germanozentrisch‘ an den Rand des populistischen Boulevards heran“.
Bittners angebliche Vernetzung mit Denkfabriken und politischen Eliten wurde am 29. April 2014 von der Kabarettsendung Die Anstalt satirisch dargestellt. Dabei wurde auch auf ein Kooperationsprojekt der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik und des German Marshall Fund Bezug genommen, das von November 2012 bis September 2013 unter Förderung durch den Planungsstab des Auswärtigen Amts „Elemente einer außenpolitischen Strategie für Deutschland“ erarbeitete. Bittner war an den Inhalten des Projektpapiers Neue Macht. Neue Verantwortung direkt beteiligt. Die Inhalte des Projekts stimmen mit Aussagen im Beitrag von Bittner überein. Eine Offenlegung unter seinem Zeit-Artikel sei zunächst unterblieben. Dies gelte auch für Beiträge von Zeit-Mitherausgeber Josef Joffe. Der Hinweis auf die Mitwirkung Bittners am Projekt erfolgte nach einer Woche unter dem Artikel Bittners in der Zeit. Nach eigener Aussage hat Bittner im Jahr 2013 tatsächlich an einer 50-köpfigen „Diskussionsgruppe“ teilgenommen, die ein Thesenpapier zur künftigen deutschen Sicherheitsstrategie erarbeiten sollte. „Die Teilnahme an Konferenzen von Organisationen aller Art und Richtung gehört meiner Ansicht nach zum Alltag von Journalisten“, erklärte Bittner.
Gegen die Aussage, er sei Mitglied des German Marshall Fund (GMF) der Vereinigten Staaten und habe außerdem an einer Rede des Bundespräsidenten Gauck zur Münchener Sicherheitskonferenz mitgeschrieben, wehrte sich Bittner in einer Beschwerde. Bittner und Josef Joffe erwirkten eine einstweilige Verfügung gegen das ZDF durch die Pressekammer des Landgerichts Hamburg, einem fliegenden Gerichtsstand, der für seine Urteile zum Vorteil der Persönlichkeitsrechte bekannt ist.. Max Uthoff sagte dazu in einem Interview: „Gemeinsam werfen sie (Bittner und Josef Joffe) uns vor, wir hätten Tatsachen falsch dargestellt über ihre Verbindungen in transatlantischen Lobbyverbänden.“ Die Vorwürfe seien nicht falsch, so Uthoff weiter, sondern bestenfalls ungenau. So wehre sich Bittner dagegen, „Mitglied“ des transatlantischen Think Tanks zu sein. Tatsächlich gebe es beim GMF keine Mitglieder, sondern ausschließlich „participants“ – Teilnehmer – zu denen er nachweislich gehöre. Dieser Darstellung widersprach Bittner. Er relativierte die Bedeutung der Teilnahme: Er sei lediglich Teilnehmer von Konferenzen gewesen, die durch den GMF organisiert wurden. Das ZDF führte dem Magazin Der Spiegel gegenüber aus, es habe nach Prüfung der Sach- und Rechtslage Widerspruch gegen die einstweiligen Verfügungen erhoben und werde sich auch gegen die Hauptsacheklage verteidigen. Wie das Landgericht Hamburg nach epd-Angaben mitteilte, wurde in dem Streit für den 19. September eine mündliche Verhandlung anberaumt.
Gerichtliche Entscheidung
Am 7. Oktober 2014 berichtete Meedia, dass das Landgericht Hamburg die einstweilige Verfügung teilweise wieder aufgehoben habe. Die Äußerung, Bittner habe im Zusammenhang mit der Rede des Bundespräsidenten Gauck vor der Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz für den Bundespräsidenten geschrieben, wurde wieder erlaubt. Die Aussage, Bittner sei Mitglied, Beirat oder Vorstand der drei Organisationen Rucksack MCM, mit denen er in Die Anstalt in Verbindung gebracht wurde, bleibt verboten. Laut Meedia wollten sowohl Bittner als auch Joffe gegen diesen Beschluss vorgehen. In seinem Urteil vom 9. September 2015 untersagte das hanseatische Oberlandesgericht in seiner Entscheidung, Jochen Bittner und Josef Joffe als Mitglied, Beirat oder Vorstand der in der Sendung erwähnten transatlantischen Organisationen zu bezeichnen und beurteilte die Darstellung der beiden Journalisten als Verletzung ihrer Persönlichkeitsrechte. Die Sendung darf nun nicht weiter verbreitet werden und die Satiriker dürfen ihre Behauptungen nicht in weiteren Sendungen wiederholen.
Am 9. September 2015 gab das OLG Hamburg Bittner im Hauptsacheverfahren in allen Punkten gegen die “Anstalt” Recht. Bittner habe weder für Gauck geschrieben noch sei er Mitglied transatlantischer Organisationen.

Marcos Martínez

Marcos Martínez Ucha (* 15. Oktober 1985 in Madrid) ist ein spanischer Rennfahrer.

Martínez begann seine Karriere 1998 im Kartsport und wechselte 2002 in die spanische Formel Junior, in der er bis 2004 aktiv war. Seine beste Platzierung in der Gesamtwertung war Platz acht in der Saison 2004. 2005 wechselte Martínez in die B-Klasse der spanischen Formel 3 und wurde für Racing Engineering startend Vizemeister dieser Serie. Daraufhin ging Martínez 2006 für Racing Engineering in der spanischen Formel 3 an den Start und wurde Zehnter in der Gesamtwertung. Außerdem fuhr er sechs Rennen in der Formel Renault 3.5.
2007 begann Martínez die Saison beim Novo Team in der spanischen Formel 3. Nach zehn Rennen wechselte Martínez zu Racing Engineering in die GP2-Serie Rucksack MCM. Nachdem er sich an seinem ersten Rennwochenende nicht qualifizieren konnte, bestritt er acht Rennen in der GP2-Serie. Mit einem vierten Platz bei seinem Heimrennen in Valencia als beste Platzierung belegte er am Saisonende den 22. Platz in der Fahrerwertung. 2008 kehrte Martínez in der Formel Renault 3.5 zurück und wurde für Pons Racing startend 15. in der Gesamtwertung. Außerdem nahm er an zwei Rennen der spanischen Formel 3 teil, von denen er ein Rennen gewann. 2009 blieb Martínez in der Formel Renault 3.5 und startete erneut für Pons Racing. Obwohl nur der spätere Meister Bertrand Baguette mehr Siege als Martínez erzielte, belegte er am Saisonende nur den siebten Gesamtrang.
2010 wechselte Martínez in die Superleague Formula, in der er für das von DeVillota.com Motorsport betreute Team des FC Sevilla fuhr. Er erzielte einen Sieg. Außerdem plante er eine weitere Saison in der Formel Renault 3.5 an den Start zu gehen und er hatte bereits einen Vertrag für die Saison 2010 mit SG Formula. Allerdings zog sich SG Formula eine Woche vor Saisonbeginn aus der Formel Renault 3.5 zurück. 2011 nahm Martínez für Pons Racing an einem Rennwochenende der Formel Renault 3.5 teil.

Karl Wahlmüller

Karl Wahlmüller (* 22. Oktober 1913 in Linz; † 16. Februar 1944 in Toila, Estnische SSR) war ein österreichischer Fußballspieler. Der Läufer gewann mit der österreichischen Amateurauswahl bei den Olympischen Spielen 1936 in Berlin die Silbermedaille.

Karl Wahlmüller spielte beim SV Urfahr Linz in der oberösterreichischen Landesliga. Die Liga war damals auf Amateurbasis ausgerichtet und stand nicht mit der professionellen österreichischen Meisterschaft in Verbindung, die sich zur damaligen Zeit nur auf den Wiener Raum beschränkte. Mit den Urfahren spielte der Stürmer bei einem der damals stärksten Teams des Bundeslandes, stand in Konkurrenz mit dem LASK und Admira Linz. Von Trainer Jimmy Hogan wurde er 1936 zu den Olympischen Spielen nach Berlin mitgenommen, obwohl er bis dahin noch kein Spiel für die österreichische Amateur-Nationalmannschaft bestritten hatte. Karl Wahlmüller kam bei allen vier Partien der Österreicher in Berlin als Mittelläufer zum Einsatz und erreichte mit der Mannschaft das olympische Finale Rucksack MCM, wo man jedoch mit 2:1 nach Verlängerung den italienischen Vertretern unterlag.
Zuletzt spielte Wahlmüller beim LSV Adlerhorst Wels.