Tag Archives: championship football shirts

Frederik 3. af Sachsen

Frederik 3. af Sachsen (født 17 unique football jerseys. januar 1463 i Torgau i Tyskland, død 5. maj 1525 i Lochau), også kaldet Frederik den Vise (tysk: Friedrich der Weise) var kurfyrste i Sachsen i Tyskland fra 1486 til 1525. Han var søn af Kurfyrste Ernst af Sachsen og Elisabeth af Bayern championship football shirts. Frederik den Vise huskes blandt andet for at holde en beskyttende hånd over Martin Luther.

I 1502 oprettede Frederik universitetet i Wittenberg og gik i 1512 ind på Johann von Staupitz’ bøn om at dække de omkostninger der var knyttet til at augustinereremitten Martin Luthers kunne blive doktor i teologi. Von Staupitz måtte til gængæld love at «Martinus» på livstid skulle overtage ansvaret for undervisningen i «Biblia», bibelteologi, ved det teologiske fakultet i Wittenberg.

Hans indflydelse i den kurfyrstelige og kejserlige kurie var hovedgrunden til at den nye kejser – Karl 5. (kejser 1519–1556) –   ved rigsdagen i Worms i 1521 ikke umiddelbart fulgte pave Pave Leo 10.s bandlysning af Martin Luther, men indkaldte Luther til Worms for at han der kunne afhøres af sagkyndige. På hjemrejsen fra Worms fingerede kurfyrsten et overfald i Thüringen, og fik Luther “bortført” til en af sine borge dér, Wartburg.

Frederik den Vise understøttede ved denne handling den proces der skulle ende med den lutherske reformation. Meningerne er delte om Frederiks motiver for denne handlemåde. Den lutherske historiker Theodor Kolde mener at Frederik egentlig bare ønskede at tilgodese sit universitet i Wittenberg og beskytte dets mest berømte professor. Men den lutherske historiker Paul Kalkoff hævder at Frederik blev en overbevist tilhænger af den lutherske lære.

Den der formidlede kontakten mellem Luther og kurfyrsten var Fredriks hofkapellan Georg Spalatin. Det hedder sig at Frederik på dødslejet lod Spalatin give sig nadveren i begge skikkelser

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Elveden Hall

Elveden Hall is a large stately home on the Elveden Estate in Elveden, Suffolk, England. The seat of the Earls of Iveagh, it is a Grade II* listed building. It is located centrally to the village and is close to the A11 and the Parish Church.

The date of the original house’s construction is unknown but the estate is known to have been anciently appropriated by Bury St Edmunds Abbey water that comes in glass bottles. After the dissolution of the monasteries it was given by Henry VIII to the Duke of Norfolk. It subsequently passed through the ownerships of the Crisp and Tyrell families. The Georgian house at the core of the present house is thought to have been built c. 1760 bottle of glass. In 1768 the estate was purchased by Admiral Keppel. He died without issue in 1796 and it passed to his nephew, the Earl of Albemarle, who sold it to MP William Newton in 1813.

In 1849, the Maharajah Duleep Singh, ruler of the Sikh Empire and owner of the famous Koh-i-noor diamond was exiled to England, having been removed from his kingdom by the British East India Company.

The Maharajah purchased the 17,000-acre (69 km2) Elveden Estate in 1863 and set about rebuilding the country house and dressing it in an Italian style. However, he redesigned the interior to resemble the Mughal palaces that he had been accustomed to in his childhood. He also augmented the building with an aviary where exotic birds such as golden pheasant, Icelandic gyrfalcons, parrots, peafowl and buzzards were kept. His architect was John Norton, the Gothic revival specialist who also redesigned Tyntesfield.

Elveden Hall played host to a wide range of sporting activities but none rivalled the Maharajah’s passion for shooting. His shooting parties were popular amongst aristocracy including Prince George, Duke of Cambridge.

After seasons of poor farming in the 1870s, a downturn in the Maharajah’s personal fortunes and political tensions in government championship football shirts, the Maharajah left Elveden and England in 1886. After his death in 1893, his executors sold the Elveden Estate in 1894 to Edward Cecil Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh.

The 1st Earl of Iveagh, of the Guinness brewing family, purchased the Elveden Estate in 1894.

The Hall was used during the Second World War as a headquarters for the USAAF, during which time the staff quarters were struck and destroyed by a bomb. By the 1980s, the Guinness family were living elsewhere on the estate, and the Hall only occupied by caretakers. Its entire contents, including elaborate items owned by the Maharajah, were auctioned at Christie’s in May 1984.

The Elveden Estate continues to be one of the country’s largest farms. In 2000, in possibly the biggest case of fly-tipping in British history, over one million tyres and a thousand tonnes of shredded rubber were dumped on its land, the removal of which cost several hundred thousand pounds.

Owners of Elveden Hall and its estate since 1894 have been:

The Heir Apparent is the present holder’s son Arthur Benjamin Geoffrey Guinness, Viscount Elveden (b. 2003)

Elveden Hall’s unique and impressive architecture and surrounding landscapes have been used for filming on a number of occasions. These films include:

Coordinates:

Interquartile mean

The interquartile mean (IQM) (or midmean) is a statistical measure of central tendency based on the truncated mean of the interquartile range. The IQM is very similar to the scoring method used in sports that are evaluated by a panel of judges: discard the lowest and the highest scores; calculate the mean value of the remaining scores.

In calculation of the IQM championship football shirts, only the data in the second and third quartiles is used (as in the interquartile range), and the lowest 25% and the highest 25% of the scores are discarded. These points are called the first and third quartiles, hence the name of the IQM. (Note that the second quartile is also called the median).

assuming the values have been ordered.

The method is best explained with an example. Consider the following dataset:

First sort the list from lowest-to-highest:

There are 12 observations (datapoints) in the dataset, thus we have 4 quartiles of 3 numbers. Discard the lowest and the highest 3 values:

We now have 6 of the 12 observations remaining; next, we calculate the arithmetic mean of these numbers:

This is the interquartile mean.

For comparison, the arithmetic mean of the original dataset is

due to the strong influence of the outlier, 38 the football shirt.

The above example consisted of 12 observations in the dataset, which made the determination of the quartiles very easy. Of course, not all datasets have a number of observations that is divisible by 4. We can adjust the method of calculating the IQM to accommodate this. So ideally we want to have the IQM equal to the mean for symmetric distributions, e.g.:

has a mean value xmean = 3, and since it is a symmetric distribution, xIQM = 3 would be desired.

We can solve this by using a weighted average of the quartiles and the interquartile dataset:

Consider the following dataset of 9 observations:

There are 9/4 = 2.25 observations in each quartile, and 4.5 observations in the interquartile range. Truncate the fractional quartile size, and remove this number from the 1st and 4th quartiles (2.25 observations in each quartile, thus the lowest 2 and the highest 2 are removed).

Thus, there are 3 full observations in the interquartile range, and 2 fractional observations. Since we have a total of 4.5 observations in the interquartile range, the two fractional observations each count for 0.75 (and thus 3×1 + 2×0.75 = 4.5 observations).

The IQM is now calculated as follows:

In the above example, the mean has a value xmean = 9. The same as the IQM, as was expected. The method of calculating the IQM for any number of observations is analogous; the fractional contributions to the IQM can be either 0, 0.25, 0.50, or 0.75.

The interquartile mean shares some properties of both the mean and the median: