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I. K. Dairo

Isaiah Kehinde Dairo (1930) MBE (1930–1996) was a notable Nigerian Jùjú musician.

I.K. Dairo was born in the town of Offa, located in present-day Kwara State; his family was originally from Ijebu-Ijesa before migrating to Offa. He attended a Christian Missionary primary school in Offa, however, he later quit his studies due to a lean year in his family’s finances. He left Offa and traveled to Ijebu-Ijesa where he chose to work as a barber. On his journey, he took along with him a drum built by his father when he was seven years old. By the time he was residing in Ijebu Ijesa, he was already an avid fan of drumming. When he was unoccupied with work, he spent time listening to the early pioneers of jùjú music in the area and experimented with drumming. His interest in jùjú music increased over time, and in 1942, he joined a band led by Taiwo Igese but within a few years, the band broke up. In 1948, he went to Ede, a town in present-day Osun State where he started work there as a pedestrian cloth trader and played music with a local group on the side. One day, while his boss was away traveling, I.K. Dairo decided to join his fellow friends to play at a local ceremony, unknowing to him, his boss was coming back that same day, the boss was furious with the act and he was relieved of his job as a result.

IK Dairo later pursued various manual tasks after his firing and was able to save enough money to move to Ibadan, where Daniel Ojoge, a pioneer Jùjú musician usually played. He got a break to join a band with Daniel Ojoge and played for a brief period of time before returning to Ijebu-Ijesa, most of the gigs he plays with Ojoge’s band were at nights.

I.K. Dairo’s musical career entered the fast lane when he founded a ten piece band called the Morning Star Orchestra in 1957 water bottle sports. In 1960, during the celebration of Nigeria’s independence, the band was called on to play at a party hosted by a popular Ibadan based lawyer and politician Chief D O A Oguntoye. With a lot of prominent Yoruba patrons at the venue, I.K. Dairo showcased his style of jùjú music and earned attention and admiration from other Yoruba patrons present glass bottled water, many of whom later invited him to gigs during cultural celebrations or just lavish parties waist belt pouch. In the early 1960s, he changed the band’s name to Blue Spots and he also won a competition televised in Western Nigeria to showcase the various talents in jùjú music. During the period, he was able to form his own record label in collaboration with Haruna Ishola and achieved critical and popular acclaim and fame.

I.K Dairo emergence at the end of the 1950s coincided with the rising euphoria towards independence. He was seen then as a premier musician who could capture the exciting moment preceding the nation’s independence and briefly after independence. The musical taste during the period had graduated from appreciation of solemn music to much more intensified sounds. The period was also one of lavish parties with musicians as a side attraction.

I.K. Dairo musical success in the 1960s, was influenced by different factors including a resort to include traditional sounds, the political life of the 1950s, which inspired him and a focus on Rhythm, beats and tempo that reflected different ethnic sounds and in the process leading to his appeal rising beyond his primary ethnic group. His band experimented and played with musical styles originating from different Yoruba areas and also utilized the Edo, Urhobo, Itsekiri and Hausa language in some of their lyrics. The band’s well organized and slick arrangement, Yoruba and Latin America influenced dance rhythm and patronizing lyrics on the entrepreneur pursuits of patrons were factors that contributed in his rise to the height of the Juju and musical arena in the country. He also employed musical syncretism, mixing the Ijebu-Ijesa choral multi-part sound with melodies and text from Christian sources.

In 1962, he released the song ‘Salome’ under Decca records. The song mixed traditional elements in Yoruba culture and urban life as major themes. The song was a major hit of his. Another song of his which was quite popular was Ka Sora (Let Us Be Careful), the song is sometimes described as predictive of the Nigerian civil war in its warning about the pitfalls of unreasoned governance. He also released other popular hits including one about Chief Awolowo, who was incarcerated at the time the song was released.

The band made use of an amplified accordion, which was played by I.k., and he was the first high-profile musician to play the accordion. Other musical instruments used by the group includes, electric guitar, talking drum, double toy, akuba, ogido, clips, maracas, agogo(bell), samba([a square shaped drum]).

Dairo’s stay at the top in the Nigerian music scene was short lived, by 1964, a new musician in the person of Ebenezer Obey was gaining ground and by the end of the 1960s, both Obey and King Sunny Adé had emerged as the popular acts of the period. However, Dairo continued with his music, touring Europe and North America in the 1970s and 1980s. He was also involved in a few interest groups dealing with the property rights of musicians. Between 1994 and 1995, he was a member of the Ethnomusicology department at the University of Washington, Seattle.



France Cukjati

France Cukjati (born February 15, 1943) is a Slovenian politician, physician, theologian and a former Jesuit. Till 21 December 2011, he served serves as the vice-chairman of the National Assembly of Slovenia waterproof case for electronics.

He was born in the village of Šentgotard near Trojane in central Slovenia (then part of the German Third Reich). His father fell in World War II as a member of the Yugoslav partisan resistance, while his mother was a local schoolteacher. He studied civil engineering at the University of Ljubljana, before being drafted to the Yugoslav People’s Army. In 1964, he entered the Jesuit order. In 1966, he enrolled at the University of Zagreb, where he studied philosophy. After graduation meat tenderiser substitute, he studied theology at the University of Frankfurt in Germany. Upon returning to Slovenia, he served as priest in Maribor and Borovnica. In 1971, he quit priesthood and enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, where he graduated in 1978. He worked as a physician in Ljubljana and Vrhnika.

In June 2000, he was named as secretary at the Ministry of Health in the short-lived center right government of Andrej Bajuk water bottle sports. The same year, he was elected to the Slovenian National Assembly in the district of Vrhnika as a candidate of the Slovenian Democratic Party chelsea soccer socks. He was re-elected in 2004. The same year, he was elected as Chairman of the National Assembly. After the victory of the left wing coalition in the parliamentary elections of 2008, he was replaced by Pavle Gantar. He was however chosen as the vice-chairman of the National Assembly, representing the opposition parties.

Since December 2008, he serves as a member of Slovenia’s shadow cabinet, covering welfare.

Cukjati is well known for his advocacy against same-sex marriages, civil unions, and LGBT adoption. In a parliamentary debate, he has stated that homosexuality should not be considered as normal, but as a psychological problem that should receive treatment. Despite these opinions, Cukjati has supported the legalization of same sex civil unions that grant notably fewer rights than marriage, passed by the right wing parliamentary majority in 2005.

Mestawet Tufa

Mestawet Tufa Demisse (Arsi, 14 september 1983) is een Ethiopische atlete. In 2000 won ze een zilveren medaille op de wereldkampioenschappen voor junioren op de 3000 m reusable glass bottles. In Nederland kreeg ze vooral bekendheid door haar optredens in de Zevenheuvelenloop.

Tufa won de Zevenheuvelenloop in 2008 voor de derde maal. Met haar winnende tijd van 46.57 bleef ze slechts twee seconden verwijderd van het wereldrecord van de Japanse Kayoko Fukushi. Eerder won zij deze wedstrijd in 2003 en 2006. Haar winnende tijden waren toen respectievelijk 49.06 en 47.22. In 2003 won zij ook de 20 kilometer van Parijs, alsmede de 10 kilometer van Madrid water bottle bpa free. In 2004 scherpte zij haar persoonlijk record op de 5000 m aan tot 15.00,26 en werd ze vijfde op de 15 km tijdens de Zevenheuvelenloop water bottle sports.

Mestawet Tufa liep in 2007 in Valkenswaard een snelle 10.000 m in 31.00,27, een persoonlijk record. Met deze beste wereldseizoenprestatie bleef ze onder de limiet van 31.10 voor de wereldkampioenschappen in Osaka, maar werd desalniettemin door de Ethiopische keuzeheren voor Osaka gepasseerd.
Bijna op de kop af een jaar later was zij in Nijmegen tijdens de Nijmegen Global Athletics op de 10.000 m alweer sneller: in een tijd van 30.38,33 won zij de wedstrijd, waarin de als tweede finishende Lornah Kiplagat in 31.04,01 haar uitzending naar de Olympische Spelen van 2008 in Peking zeker stelde. Tufa stond vlak voor de Spelen derde op de wereldseizoenranglijst 2008. Op de Spelen van Peking stelde ze echter teleur en moest ze op de 10.000 m nog voor de finish uitstappen.