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Judäo-Georgisch

Gesprochen in

cau

jge

Judäo-Georgisch oder Qiwruli (georgisch ყივრული) ist die traditionelle Sprache der georgischen Juden. Sie ist die einzige südkaukasisch-jüdische Sprache. Ihr Status als Minderheitssprache in Georgien ist Thema von vielen Debatten.

Die Sprache enthält eine Vielzahl hebräischer und aramäischer Lehnwörter, kann aber von Personen, die Georgisch sprechen, noch recht gut verstanden werden.

Judäo-Georgisch wird noch von etwa 60.000 bis 79.800 Personen gesprochen, davon

Judäo-Georgisch ist akut vom Aussterben bedroht, besonders in Israel wooden meat tenderizer, da viele Jugendliche und Kinder Neu-Hebräisch als Erstsprache lernen. Die Sprache hat in Georgien keinen offiziellen Status. Außerdem schrumpft durch die Abwanderung der Gemeinschaft ihre Sprecherzahl in Georgien immer weiter design your football shirt.

Hebräisch | Ivrit | Aramäisch&nbsp waterproof bag for phone;| Jiddisch | Jevanisch | Judäo-Arabisch | Knaanisch | Judäo-Persisch | Judäo-Tatisch | Karaimisch | Krimtschakisch | Judäo-Malayalam | Judäo-Georgisch

Judäo-romanische Sprachen:&nbsp bikini shaver; Ladino | Judäo-Katalanisch | Zarfatisch

Bertha Lutz

Bertha Maria Júlia Lutz (August 2, 1894 in São Paulo – September 16, 1976 in Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian zoologist, politician, and diplomat. Lutz became a leading figure in both the Pan American feminist movement and human rights movement.

Bertha Lutz was born in São Paulo. Her father, Adolfo Lutz (1855–1940), was a pioneering physician and epidemiologist of Swiss origin, and her mother, Amy Fowler, was a British nurse. Bertha Lutz studied natural sciences, biology and zoology at the University of Paris – Sorbonne, graduating in 1918. Soon after obtaining her degree, she returned to Brazil.

In 1919, one year after returning to Brazil, Lutz founded the League for Intellectual Emancipation of Women and was appointed to represent the Brazilian government in the Female International Council of the International Labor Organization (ILO). Lutz later created the Brazilian Federation for Women’s Progress in 1922, a political group which advocated for Brazilian women’s rights, most importantly their right to vote, around the world. Lutz served as a delegate to the Pan-American Conference of Women in Baltimore, Maryland, US that same year, and would continue to attend women’s rights conferences in the years to come. In 1925, she was elected president of the Inter-American Union of Women. Lutz’s involvement in the fight for women’s suffrage made her the leading figurehead of women’s rights until the end of 1931, when Brazilian women finally gained the right to vote.

Lutz’s advocacy for the rights of women did not end with the right to vote, and she continued to play a prominent role in the feminist campaign. In 1933, after obtaining her law degree from Rio de Janeiro Law School, Lutz participated and introduced several proposals for gender equity in the [Inter-American Conference] of Montevideo, Uruguay. Most notable of these proposals was her call for the refocusing of the Inter-American Commission of Women on the issue of gender equality in the workplace. In 1935, Lutz decided to run for Congress and came in second behind Cándido Pessoa, and replaced him when he died a year later waterproof bag for phone, making Lutz one of the few Brazilian Congresswomen of the time. The first initiative that Lutz presented while in Congress was the creation of the “Statue of women”, a committee with the intended purpose of analyzing every Brazilian law and statute to ensure none violated the rights of women.

Lutz, however, was unable to push forward her measures when Getúlio Vargas was reinstated as dictator in 1937, which led to a suspension of parliamentary and, consequently, a suspension her project. Lutz nonetheless continued her diplomatic career. She was one of the four women to sign the United Nations Charter at the Inter-American Conference of Women held in San Francisco in 1945 and served as vice president of the Inter-American Commission of Women from 1953 to 1959.

In 1964, Lutz headed the Brazilian delegation at the 14th Inter-American Commission in Montevideo. Additionally, at the 15th annual meeting of the Inter-American Commission of Women held in 1970, she proposed to hold a seminar dedicated to addressing the specific problems faced by indigenous women. Although she was a little over seventy during this stage of her life, Lutz continued to attend conferences and push for the expansion of women’s rights, including the International Women’s Year conference in Mexico City in 1975. She died in 1976 at the age of 82.

After returning to Brazil in 1918, Lutz dedicated herself to the study of amphibians, especially poison dart frogs and frogs of the family Hylidae. In 1919, she was hired by the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. She later became a naturalist at the Section of Botany. Throughout her lifetime, Lutz would publish numerous scientific studies and publications, most notably “Observations on the life history of the Brazilian Frog” (1943), “A notable frog chorus in Brazil” (1946), and “New frogs from Itatiaia mountain” (1952). In 1958, she described what is now known as Lutz’s rapids frog (Paratelmatobius lutzii Lutz and Carvalho, 1958), which is named in honor of her father.

Bertha Lutz is honored in the names of two species of Brazilian lizards: Liolaemus lutzae and Bogertia lutzae , as well as three species of frogs: Megaelosia lutzae, Dendropsophus berthalutzae, and Scinax berthae.

During this conference, Lutz advocated for equality among the sexes and the specific mention of women in the clauses that protect against injustices and abuse.

At this conference, Lutz advocated for the equality of rights and opportunity of women, with a special focus on political inclusion.

Lutz came prepared to this conference with a study of the legal status of women in the Americas and advocated that the nationality of married women should not be contingent on that of their husbands. She also proposed an Equals Rights treaty and pushed the Inter-American Commission of Women to refocus and recommit to analyzing working conditions of women in the Americas.

Along with three other women, Lutz fought for the inclusion of the word “women” in the preamble to the United Nations Charter. The final clause read: ” …faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small”

She further proposed the creation of a special commission of Women whose purpose it would be to analyze the “legal status of Women” around the world in order to better understand the inequalities they face and be better prepared to combat them toothpaste wall dispenser. She is credited with being the most prominent and tenacious advocate for the inclusion of women’s rights in the charter, and without her work the United Nations would likely not have a mandate to protect women’s rights.

Новая Диброва (Полтавская область)

Украина

Полтавская

Чернухинский

Вороньковский

50°16′25″ с life glass water bottle. ш. 33°03′23″ в. д.

115 м

102 человека (2001)

UTC+2, летом UTC+3

+380 5340

37141

BI, НI / 17

5325180807

Новая Диброва (укр. Нова Діброва) — село, Вороньковский сельский совет, Чернухинский район, Полтавская область

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На территории Украины 2 населённых пункта с названием Новая Диброва.

Khirbet Qana

Khirbet Qana is an archaeological site in the Lower Galilee of Israel. It has remains of a settlement from the Hellenistic to early Arab period. It has been associated with the Marriage at Cana of the New Testament.

Khirbet Qana is one of the locations in Galilee that researchers consider as a possibility for the biblical town of Cana, where Jesus turned water into wine at the Marriage at Cana. Crusader’s maps have been cited as evidence identifying Khirbet Qana with the biblical Cana. The writings of Burchard of Mount Sion have also linked Khirbet Qana with Cana. By the medieval period, texts from Christian pilgrims reveal Khirbet Qana was associated with the biblical Cana during that period, including the account of the English merchant Saewulf in the 12th century.

In the 17th century, Francisco Quaresimus concluded that Kafr Kanna was the biblical Cana, as it had a church, while Khirbet Qana did not. However, the fact that the main road from Sepphoris to Tiberias passed Kafr Kanna rather than Khirbet Qana, may have been a factor in this decision. Today, scholars are again focusing on Khirbet Qana as the site for the biblical Cana.

Khirbet Qana is located on a 100-meter hill, on the north side of Beth Netofa valley. Excavations have shown that Khirbet Qana was used as a settlement from the Hellenistic to early Arab period, with housing in use from the Hellenistic period through the Byzantine period. Khirbet Qana was a densely populated, but small, rural village that relied mainly on agriculture.

Excavations at Khirbet Qana have revealed that the unwalled city was partially built into the area’s hillsides, resulting in terraced houses on the hill, with larger houses arranged around a courtyard in the flatter areas. Researchers have identified 3 types of houses at Khirbet Qana; terraced housing, side courtyard houses, and central courtyard houses. Terraced houses were located on the steep eastern and western slopes of the hill, while side courtyard houses were located in the flatter area to the north in Khirbet Qana. Courtyard houses were located in the flattest areas of Khirbet Qana, on the hilltop, and featured large central courtyards.

In addition to residential housing, Khirbet Qana includes a Jewish synagogue, a later Byzantine complex (possibly a “veneration cave”), and a series of tombs. There is also some evidence of a monumental building of some kind on the hilltop, perhaps a synagogue, at which a fragment of fresco was found during the excavations of the site.

In addition to the Jewish synagogue, there is evidence of a Christian place of worship in the form of a “veneration cave” which is a series of four connected caves. The main cave has plaster walls and floors, which include graffiti and inscriptions, of which some are Christian. The main cave also features benches along the walls, and a possible altar on the north side of the cave, which is partially formed by a sarcophagus lid that features at least one cross. Plastered in place atop the sarcophagus lid were at least two stone vessels, with one still in situ, while the imprint of the second vessel remains in the plaster. Carbon dating from inside the caves associated with Christian worship have revealed that the main cave underwent renovation during the period of the Crusades- a bench was added to the west side of the cave, the floor was plastered, and the walls were re-plastered. This period, which carbon dating dates from 1024-1217 would have been the last phase of considerable use. The altar or table made of the sarcophagus lid with the two stone vessels on its top, along with the carbon dating which places the major renovations at the time of the Crusaders, provide some evidence that the cave complex may have been used as a reliquary to celebrate Jesus’s turning of water into wine.

Both coins and pottery shards have been found in the excavations of Khirbet Qana. The coins found at Khirbet Qana are Hasmonean. One particular pottery shard found at the site, a fragment of a cooking pot, proved to be an ostracon in Aramaic, which is considered to be the language spoken in the region of Galilee at the time of Jesus.

Industrial buildings were found on the outskirts of the town waterproof bag for phone, including facilities for breeding doves, olive presses, fabric dying, and glass making. Over 60 cisterns for water storage have been found throughout the excavation site as well.

Pottery found at Khirbet Qana from nearby Shikhin and Kefar Hananya show that trade at Khirbet Kana would have been largely local or regional. Fields for cultivation on the west side of Khirbet Qana, along with tax records detailing taxes on crops from the 16th century serve as evidence that Khirbet Qana relied in part on agriculture.

The excavations of both a Jewish Synagogue and a Christian place of pilgrimage and worship reveal that Khirbet Qana was an important location for both religious groups, with a population of primarily Jewish inhabitants in earlier periods, such as the Roman and Hellenistic periods. Coins found at the site serve as evidence that the Khirbet Qana was under Maccabean influence by the 1st century BC, though at this time no Maccabean buildings have been found at the site. During the period of the Crusades, Christian pilgrims visited Khirbet Qana, though it is unclear if they ever lived there.

A lack of coinage from the late 4th to early 5th centuries may indicate a decline in Khirbet Qana, but the town shows signs of expansion and growth during the Late Byzantine period (late 5th to 7th centuries). The latest date for a coin found at Khirbet Qana is 613, and it was likely abandoned during the first half of the 7th century, during which time Galilee underwent invasion (614) and re-conquest (628) from Persia, prior to the Arab conquest (639). The acropolis at Khirbet Qana, however, was again occupied most likely from the late 7th century through the early 8th century, as evidenced by Arab pottery found across the area, as well as renovations to the public building on the acropolis, and an early Islamic fragment of pottery how can meat be tenderized.

Giro d’Italia

Giro d’Italia (norsk: Italia rundt) er et tre-ukers etapperitt på sykkel. Det arrangeres i mai og utgjør sammen med Tour de France og Vuelta a España Grand Tours. Sammen med Tour de France og VM utgjør Giro d’Italia Triple Crown of Cycling.

Rittet regnes for å være den tøffeste av de tre Grand Tour fordi stigningene i Giroen vanligvis er brattere og lengre enn stigningene i Tour de France og Vuelta a España. Berømte harde stigninger som ofte er med på Giro d’Italia er Passo di Gavia, Passo del Mortirolo og Passo dello Stelvio (2758 moh.). Det høyeste punktet på Giro d’Italia kalles Cima Coppi etter den italienske syklisten Fausto Coppi som vant Giroen fem ganger.

Den første utgaven av Giro d’Italia startet 13. mai 1909 med åtte etapper fordelt på 2448 km. Luigi Ganna vant rittet. Giroen var inspirert av Tour de France, og på samme måte som det franske rittet var tenkt å promotere L’Auto, hadde Emilio Camillo Costamagna, redaktøren i La Gazzetta dello Sport håp om å bedre opplaget.

Mens sammenlagtlederen av Tour de France kjører med en gul trøye football shirt world, har lederen i Giro d’Italia siden 1931 kjørt i Maglia rosa (rosa trøye), etter sponsorens rosa avis. Fra 1989 til 2006 var det også med en blå trøye, Maglia azzurra. Den ble båret av lederen i intergiro-konkurransen som var basert på passeringstider på gitte spurtpriser underveis på etappene. I 2012 kom den blå trøya med igjen, da den grønne klatretrøya ble blå.

Maglia rosa – sammenlagt
Maglia rosso – poengkonkurransen
Maglia azzurra – klatretrøye
Maglia bianca – ungdomskonkurransen (fra 2007)

Ingen har vunnet flere etapper i Giro d’Italia enn Mario Cipollini. Han tok 42 etappeseire i perioden 1989-2003. Blant de syklistene som fortsatt er aktive har Alessandro Petacchi flest, med 24. Han har også rekorden med flest etappeseire i en og samme utgave; i 2004 vant han ni av etappene.

Fem nordmenn har vunnet etapper i Giro d’Italia: Knut Knudsen (seks etapper), Dag Erik Pedersen (tre etapper), Kurt Asle Arvesen (to etapper), Thor Hushovd (en etappe) og Edvald Boasson Hagen (en etappe + lagtempo).

Alfredo Binda, Fausto Coppi og Eddy Merckx har vunnet rittet sammenlagt fem ganger hver. Italieneren Felice Gimondi har rekorden i antall pallplasseringer: ni totalt, tre seire, to andreplasser og fire tredjeplasser.

2016 Vincenzo Nibali
2015 Alberto Contador
2014 Nairo Quintana
2013 Vincenzo Nibali
2012 Ryder Hesjedal
2011 Michele Scarponi
2010 Ivan Basso
2009 Denis Mensjov
2008 Alberto Contador
2007 Danilo Di Luca
2006 Ivan Basso
2005 Paolo Savoldelli
2004 Damiano Cunego
2003 Gilberto Simoni
2002 Paolo Savoldelli
2001 Gilberto Simoni
2000 Stefano Garzelli
1999 Ivan Gotti
1998 Marco Pantani
1997 Ivan Gotti
1996 Pavel Tonkov
1995 Tony Rominger
1994 Jevgenij Berzin
1993 Miguel Indurain
1992 Miguel Indurain
1991 Franco Chioccioli
1990 Gianni Bugno
1989 Laurent Fignon
1988 Andy Hampsten
1987 Stephen Roche
1986 Roberto Visentini
1985 Bernard Hinault
1984 Francesco Moser
1983 Giuseppe Saronni
1982 Bernard Hinault
1981 Giovanni Battaglin
1980 Bernard Hinault
1979 Giuseppe Saronni
1978 Johan De Muynck

1977 Michel Pollentier
1976 Felice Gimondi
1975 Fausto Bertoglio
1974 Eddy Merckx
1973 Eddy Merckx
1972 Eddy Merckx
1971 Gösta Pettersson
1970 Eddy Merckx
1969 Felice Gimondi
1968 Eddy Merckx
1967 Felice Gimondi
1966 Gianni Motta
1965 Vittorio Adorni
1964 Jacques Anquetil
1963 Franco Balmamion
1962 Franco Balmamion
1961 Arnaldo Pambianco
1960 Jacques Anquetil
1959 Charly Gaul
1958 Ercole Baldini
1957 Gastone Nencini
1956 Charly Gaul
1955 Fiorenzo Magni
1954 Carlo Clerici
1953 Fausto Coppi
1952 Fausto Coppi
1951 Fiorenzo Magni
1950 Hugo Koblet
1949 Fausto Coppi
1948 Fiorenzo Magni

1947 Fausto Coppi
1946 Gino Bartali
1940 Fausto Coppi
1939 Giovanni Valetti
1938 Giovanni Valetti
1937 Gino Bartali
1936 Gino Bartali
1935 Vasco Bergamaschi
1934 Learco Guerra
1933 Alfredo Binda
1932 Antonio Pesenti
1931 Francesco Camusso
1930 Luigi Marchisio
1929 Alfredo Binda
1928 Alfredo Binda
1927 Alfredo Binda
1926 Giovanni Brunero
1925 Alfredo Binda
1924 Giuseppe Enrici
1923 Costante Girardengo
1922 Giovanni Brunero
1921 Giovanni Brunero
1920 Gaetano Belloni
1919 Costante Girardengo
1914 Alfonso Calzolari
1913 Carlo Oriani
1912 Atala (kun lagkonkurranse)
1911 Carlo Galetti
1910 Carlo Galetti
1909 Luigi Ganna

1909 · 1910 · 1911 · 1912 · 1913 · 1914 · (…) · 1919 · 1920 · 1921 · 1922 · 1923 · 1924 · 1925 · 1926 · 1927 · 1928 · 1929 · 1930 · 1931 · 1932 · 1933 · 1934 · 1935 · 1936 · 1937 · 1938 · 1939 · 1940 · (…) · 1946 · 1947 · 1948 · 1949 · 1950 · 1951 · 1952 · 1953 · 1954 · 1955 · 1956 · 1957 · 1958 · 1959 · 1960 · 1961 · 1962 · 1963 · 1964 · 1965 · 1966 · 1967 · 1968 · 1969 · 1970 · 1971 · 1972 · 1973 · 1974 · 1975 · 1976&nbsp toothpaste dispenser reviews;· 1977 · 1978 · 1979 · 1980 · 1981 · 1982 · 1983 · 1984 · 1985 · 1986 · 1987 · 1988 · 1989 · 1990 · 1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994 · 1995 · 1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999 · 2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 · 2012 · 2013 · 2014 · 2015 · 2016 · 2017 · 2018

Rosa trøye · Poengtrøya · Klatretrøya · Ungdomstrøya

2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016 • 2017

Tour Down Under • Paris–Nice • Tirreno–Adriatico • Milano–Sanremo • Catalonia rundt • E3 Harelbeke • Gent–Wevelgem • Flandern rundt • Baskerland rundt • Paris–Roubaix • Amstel Gold Race • La Flèche Wallonne&nbsp waterproof bag for phone;• Liège–Bastogne–Liège • Romandie rundt • Giro d’Italia • Critérium du Dauphiné • Sveits rundt • Tour de France • Clásica de San Sebastián • Polen rundt • Eneco Tour • Vuelta a España&nbsp black goalkeeper gloves;• Vattenfall Cyclassics • GP Ouest-France • Grand Prix Cycliste de Québec • Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal • Il Lombardia

Klaus Johann Jacobs

Klaus Johann Jacobs (Brema lint razor, 3 dicembre 1936 – Küsnacht, 11 settembre 2008) è stato un imprenditore svizzero di origini tedesche.

Ha frequentato l’Università di Amburgo (1955-1957) e l’Università di Stanford (1969).

Ha cominciato la sua vita lavorativa nell’industria del caffè e del cioccolato. Nel 1962 ha assunto la carica di direttore commerciale della Jacobs AG e nel 1972 ne è diventato direttore generale. Nel 1982 la compagnia si è unita con l’Interfood (ex Suchard e Tobler) creando la Jacobs Suchard AG, a quel tempo il più grande produttore europeo di caffè ed il terzo al mondo dopo General Foods e Nestlé. Nel 1990 ha ceduto la Jacobs Suchard alla Philip Morris acquisendo contestualmente la Callebaut dalla Philip Morris stessa e sei anni più tardi è stato fu tra i fondatori della Barry Callebaut AG.

Nel 1990 vende la Jacobs Suchard AG alla Altria waterproof bag for phone, per pagare fratelli e sorelle. Jacobs iniziò una nuova impresa dl fallimento delle società di Werner K. Rey. Dopo diverse fusioni, in particolare tra Adia Interim (Adia Personnel Service) e la francese Ecco di Philippe Foriel-Destezet, creando così nel 1996 la Adecco SA (lavoro a tempo), la più grande compagnia del suo ambito inclusa nella lista Fortune 500 (2005-2009).

Con l’intento di favorire l’educazione e lo sviluppo della gioventù modern day fanny pack, nel dicembre 1988 ha creato la Jacobs Foundation, cui nel 2001 ha devoluto l’intera sua partecipazione nella Jacobs Holding AG, per un valore di 1,5 miliardi di franchi svizzeri.

Nel 2005 l’Università di Basilea gli ha conferito il titolo di dottore honoris causa in psicologia. Ha ricevuto la medaglia d’oro del consiglio comunale di Brema per gli straordinari servigi resi alla città e la medaglia Leibniz dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Berlino.

È stato presidente e vicepresidente della World Scout Foundation (1986-2008) (della quale è stato il maggior contributore privato) e nel 2006 è stato insignito del Lupo di bronzo red lemon press.

È morto a 71 anni per un tumore cerebrale.

Dennis Ritchie

Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (* 9. September 1941 in Bronxville, New York; † vor dem 12. Oktober 2011 in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey) war ein amerikanischer Informatiker. Er entwickelte zusammen mit Ken Thompson und anderen die erste Version des Unix-Betriebssystems und schrieb das erste Unix Programmer’s Manual.

Zusammen mit Thompson und Brian W. Kernighan entwickelte er die Programmiersprache C. Kernighan und Ritchie schrieben gemeinsam das Buch The C Programming Language, das oft mit dem Kürzel „K&R“ zitiert wird. Bekannt und berühmt sind auch seine Initialen „dmr“, die Ritchie als Username für den System-Login verwendete. Für seine Arbeiten, insbesondere die Entwicklung des bis heute maßgeblichen Unix-Betriebssystems und der Sprache C, erhielt er einige der höchsten Auszeichnungen der Informatik wie etwa den Turing-Award.

Dennis Ritchie wurde am 9. September 1941 als Sohn von Alistair E. Ritchie geboren. Er studierte an der Universität Harvard Physik und Angewandte Mathematik. 1968 wurde ihm für seine Dissertation Program Structure and Computational Complexity der Doktorgrad (englisch Ph.D.) von der Universität Harvard verliehen.

Ab 1967 arbeitete Ritchie in den Bell Telephone Laboratories (kurz „Bell Labs“) im Computing Sciences Research Center. Er beschäftigte sich mit Multics, BCPL, ALTRAN und schließlich mit den Programmiersprachen B und C sowie den Betriebssystemen Unix und Plan 9. Zuletzt war er der Leiter der Forschungsabteilung für System-Software bei Lucent Technologies/Bell Labs.

2007 ging Ritchie in den Ruhestand und arbeitete fortan gelegentlich als Berater waterproof bag for phone.

Ritchie wurde 2011 im Alter von 70 Jahren in seinem Haus tot aufgefunden, die Todesursache ist unklar.

Zusammen mit Ken Thompson erhielt er 1983 den Turing Award, 1990 die Richard-W.-Hamming-Medaille des IEEE, 1999 die National Medal of Technology. 2005 wurde Ritchie mit dem IRI Achievement Award des Industrial Research Institute ausgezeichnet. 2011 bekam er den Japan-Preis für die Entwicklung von Unix und C.

1966: Perlis | 1967: Wilkes | 1968: Hamming | 1969: Minsky | 1970: Wilkinson&nbsp electric lint brush;| 1971: McCarthy | 1972: Dijkstra | 1973: Bachman | 1974: Knuth | 1975: Newell, Simon | 1976: Rabin, Scott | 1977: Backus&nbsp 18k Tennis Bracelet;| 1978: Floyd | 1979: Iverson | 1980: Hoare | 1981: Codd | 1982: Cook | 1983: Thompson, Ritchie | 1984: Wirth | 1985: Karp | 1986: Hopcroft football ankle socks, Tarjan | 1987: Cocke | 1988: Sutherland | 1989: Kahan | 1990: Corbató | 1991: Milner | 1992: Lampson | 1993: Hartmanis, Stearns | 1994: Feigenbaum, Reddy | 1995: Blum | 1996: Pnueli | 1997: Engelbart | 1998: Gray | 1999: Brooks | 2000: Yao | 2001: Dahl, Nygaard | 2002: Rivest, Shamir, Adleman | 2003: Kay | 2004: Cerf, Kahn | 2005: Naur | 2006: Allen | 2007: Clarke, Emerson, Sifakis | 2008: Liskov | 2009: Thacker | 2010: Valiant | 2011: Pearl | 2012: Micali, Goldwasser | 2013: Lamport | 2014: Stonebraker | 2015: Diffie, Hellman